Solomons, Maryland, is a small town situated on the southern tip of Calvert County, overlooking the Chesapeake Bay. The city's rich history dates back to the 17th century, and it has played a crucial role in various historical events throughout the years. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Solomons, MD.
1) Battle of Calvert County - 1814
During the War of 1812, the British fleet created havoc in the Chesapeake Bay, ransacking cities and imposing blockades. In August 1814, Solomons witnessed the Battle of Calvert County, where American forces, along with local militia and privateers, fought off British troops attempting to land on Drum Point. Though no significant damage occurred in Solomons, the battle bolstered the American's morale and helped to turn the tide of the conflict.
2) John Wilkes Booth's escape - 1865
John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Abraham Lincoln, fled the scene of the assassination and came to Solomons to escape, where Dr. Samuel Mudd, a known Confederate sympathizer, treated him under the guise of fixing Booth's broken leg. After four days, Booth departed for Virginia to evade arrest.
3) Building of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge - 1949
The Chesapeake Bay Bridge links Maryland's eastern and western shores, and it was built between 1949 and 1952. The bridge has dramatically impacted Solomons and the surrounding areas, creating easy access to Annapolis and Baltimore and boosting tourism in the region.
4) Establishment of the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory- 1925
The Chesapeake Biological Laboratory was established in Solomons in 1925, becoming one of the oldest marine laboratories in the country. Charles Benedict Davenport, the founder of the University of Chicago's marine biological laboratory, was instrumental in the development of the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory. Since then, the laboratory has been a site of significant scientific research and discovery, playing an essential role in our understanding of marine life.
5) The establishment of the Naval Air Station Patuxent River - 1943
The Naval Air Station Patuxent River, established in 1943, has been a significant employer for the people of Solomons and the surrounding area for decades. The air station is the Navy's center of aviation research and development, and its presence has significantly influenced the local economy.
6) Battle of St. Leonard Creek - 1814
During the ongoing War of 1812, one of the significant naval engagements occurred in St. Leonard Creek, located in Solomons. The British forces attempted to block the entrance of the Patuxent River by obstructing the navy's ships with sunken vessels. The American forces, led by Commodore Joshua Barney, countered the attack and withdrew into St. Leonard Creek. The battle resulted in a tactical victory for the British, but it was not enough to change the course of the war.
7) The sinking of the SS Patrick Henry - 1945
The SS Patrick Henry, a naval transport ship, was heavily damaged by a German torpedo off the coast of Solomons in 1945. The ship caught fire and eventually sunk with significant casualties. The sinking of the SS Patrick Henry was one of the last naval tragedies of World War II, and a poignant reminder of the human cost of war.
In conclusion, Solomons, Maryland, has been a site of several significant historical events over the years. From the War of 1812 to World War II, the city's past is rich and varied, and many of these events have left a lasting impact on Solomons and the surrounding areas. These events remind us of the importance of preserving historical sites to understand our shared past better.
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