Stanhope, NJ is a small town rich in history. This area has seen its fair share of historic events that have shaped the community and the nation. Here are 7 historical events that have taken place in or near Stanhope, NJ.
1. The Birthplace of the Morris Canal
Built in 1824, the Morris Canal was a waterway that connected the Delaware River to New York City. Its construction was a major engineering feat, as it traversed mountains and valleys. The idea for the canal was hatched in Stanhope, NJ by businessman George Macculloch. He saw the need for a way to transport goods from the eastern New Jersey mines to the coast. The Morris Canal was a vital transportation route until railroads took over in the 1860s.
2. The Lenape Native Americans
The area that became Stanhope was originally inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans. The Lenape were a peaceful people who hunted and fished along the Musconetcong River. They were forcibly removed from their lands by European settlers in the 18th century.
3. The Revolutionary War
During the Revolutionary War, George Washington and his troops marched through the Stanhope area on their way to nearby battles. The American patriots stopped in Stanhope to collect supplies and rest before continuing their journey. A local blacksmith, John Hedges, made weapons for the soldiers and fixed their wagons.
4. The Civil War
Stanhope sent many of its young men to fight in the Civil War. In August of 1862, many local soldiers were at the battle of Second Bull Run in Virginia. Sadly, several of the soldiers from Stanhope never returned home. The Stanhope Memorial commemorates the town's fallen soldiers from the Civil War to today's conflicts.
5. The Rockaway Valley Railroad
In the late 19th century, the Rockaway Valley Railroad built a line through Stanhope. The railroad was used to transport iron ore from the mines in the surrounding hills to nearby factories. The railroad was shutdown in the 1930s due to declining profits.
6. The Stanhope House
The Stanhope House is a historic landmark that has been hosting music acts since the 1970s. The venue has seen performances by the likes of B.B. King, Buddy Guy, and Johnny Winter, to name a few. The building itself dates back to the 1700s, and was originally a stagecoach stop.
7. Hurricane Irene
In August of 2011, Hurricane Irene caused severe flooding in the area. The Musconetcong River overflowed its banks, and many homes and businesses in the area were damaged or destroyed. The storm was considered one of the worst natural disasters in New Jersey history.
In conclusion, Stanhope, NJ is a town with a rich history. From the Lenape Native Americans to Hurricane Irene, this area has seen its fair share of notable events. The town is proud of its history, and visitors can explore the many historic landmarks and museums to learn more about the area's past.
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