Surry, a small town located in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, has a rich history to offer. From the arrival of the first settlers to the founding of the town, Surry has witnessed significant historical events that shaped the region's identity. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Surry, NH.
1. The Arrival of the First Settlers: In the 1700s, Surry's land was previously owned by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. However, in 1749, the first group of settlers arrived in Surry, which comprised of 25 families from Norton, Massachusetts. They sailed 130 miles through wilderness to settle in Surry and began farming.
2. The Establishment of Surry Town: In 1769, the state of New Hampshire granted a charter to the town of Surry, making it the 33rd town to be established in the state. The title 'Surry' is believed to have been derived from Surrey County, England, and was named in honor of Governor Benning Wentworth's daughter, Surry Tufton Mason.
3. The Revolutionary War: The town of Surry played a vital role in America's Revolutionary War. Over 200 men from Surry joined the Continental Army and fought against the British forces. Additionally, residents of Surry donated supplies to the soldiers and provided rest and refuge.
4. The Building of Roads: In the early days, transportation was a challenge in Surry, with only rough trails connecting the town's colonies. However, in 1781, men from Surry town began building highways to surround the town. These new roads played an essential role in connecting Surry to other towns across the state.
5. The Establishment of Surry Common: Surry Common was established in 1790 as a central location for the town's residents to gather for meetings, festivals, and other events. The common is still in use today and is a historical landmark in Surry.
6. The Underground Railroad: Surry was a stop for the Underground Railroad, a secret network helping slaves escape from slavery in the south. Charles Thompson, a farmer in Surry, was a known operator on the Underground Railroad, providing safe passage to those fleeing slavery.
7. The Development of the Industrial Revolution: The 19th century saw the development of the Industrial Revolution, and Surry played a significant role in the period. The town's Cheshire Railroad was a vital transportation network for goods and people, and the nearby Sawmill and Cheese Factories provided employment opportunities for Surry's residents.
In conclusion, Surry's history is rich with events that have contributed to shaping the character of the region. The town's first settlers, the establishment of Surry Town, and its contribution to the Revolutionary War, the building of roads, and the development of industries are just a few examples of Surry's historical events. These events not only shaped the town's identity but also played an essential role in the development of the United States.
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