Towson, Maryland is a historic town with a rich history, situated just north of Baltimore City. The town boasts of landmarks and historical events that have shaped the nation's history. From the Civil War battles to a famous trial, here are seven historical events that have occurred in the vicinity of Towson.
1. The Battle of Baltimore
During the War of 1812, the British forces launched a naval attack on Baltimore, intending to capture the city. The battle lasted for two days, and the American forces, assisted by the townspeople, successfully defended the city. The bombardment of Fort McHenry, which inspired the writing of the national anthem, took place in what is now Baltimore City. The Star-Spangled Banner is still celebrated every year, and the battle's legacy is a significant event in Towson's history.
2. Hampton Mansion
Built-in 1790, the Hampton Mansion is a stunning reminder of Maryland's colonial days. The mansion was a summer residence for General John Eager Howard, a hero of the American Revolution. The mansion is now a museum showcasing the history of the Hampton family and African American slaves who worked on the property.
3. The Underground Railroad
Towson was a major stop on the Underground Railroad, the network of secret routes used by slaves to escape to freedom. Harriet Tubman, known as the "Moses of her people," made several stops in Maryland on the Underground Railroad. The organization had several safe houses in Towson, including the site of the National Road Stop, which is now a museum.
4. Maryland School for the Blind
Founded in 1853, the Maryland School for the Blind is the first public school for the visually impaired in the US. The institution was established to provide education and resources to blind students in Maryland. The school is still in operation today, and it has since expanded to offer education and support to those with a range of disabilities.
5. The Great Railroad Strike
In 1877, a strike broke out against the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, which had its headquarters in Baltimore City. The workers in Towson, primarily Irish immigrants, joined the protest, and the town served as a key staging ground for the strikers. The strike eventually spread throughout the country, leading to a national crisis.
6. The State vs. Margaret Garner
In 1856, Margaret Garner, a slave owned by a Kentucky plantation owner, escaped to Ohio with her family. Garner was captured before she could cross the border. In a desperate attempt to save her children from returning to slavery, she killed her two-year-old daughter. Her trial took place in what is now the Old Towson Courthouse, which is now a museum.
7. The Civil War
During the Civil War, Maryland was caught in the middle of a conflict between the Union and Confederacy. Several battles took place near Towson, including the Battle of Baltimore and the Battle of Monocacy. Union troops also occupied the area during the war, and many soldiers were buried in local cemeteries.
In conclusion, Towson's history is rich and dynamic. From colonial times to the Civil War, the town has been witness to some of the most significant events in American history. These events have shaped the identity of the town and contributed to the country's development as a whole. Visitors to Towson can explore the landmarks and museums to gain a deeper understanding of the history that took place there.
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