1. In 1945, the Enola Gay dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, killing over 100,000 people. The plane, named after pilot Paul Tibbets' mother, took off from the airbase at Tinian Island in the Northern Marianas, where many Kansans were stationed, including Tibbets himself.
2. On August 6, 1864, William Quantrill led a group of Confederate soldiers in a raid on Lawrence, Kansas, killing over 180 people and burning most of the town to the ground. This event became known as the Lawrence Massacre.
3. In 1930, former U.S. President Woodrow Wilson visited his hometown of Wichita, Kansas, where he gave a speech at the Forum Theatre. Wilson was an advocate for the League of Nations and spoke about the importance of international cooperation and peace.
4. The first flight of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber took place on August 6, 1941, at the Boeing factory in Wichita, Kansas. The B-29 was used extensively in World War II in the Pacific Theater, including in the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
5. On August 6, 1926, Gertrude Ederle, a native of New York City, became the first woman to swim across the English Channel. Ederle trained for her historic swim in the Arkansas River in Wichita, where she had family connections. Despite facing rough currents and obstacles, she completed the swim in a record time of 14 hours and 31 minutes.
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