1. In 1865, the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, which prohibited slavery and involuntary servitude. Kansas had been a free state during the Civil War, and played a significant role in the abolitionist movement.
2. In 1903, the first successful powered flight of an aircraft in Kansas took place in Topeka. The pilot, John W. "Bud" Mars, flew a glider with an engine attached for a distance of approximately 100 yards.
3. In 1929, the first traffic signal in the state of Kansas was installed in Wichita. The signal was located at the intersection of Douglas and Broadway and was manually operated.
4. In 1971, the Kansas City Chiefs played in their first Super Bowl, Super Bowl IV, against the Minnesota Vikings. The Chiefs won the game 23-7, and quarterback Len Dawson was named the game's Most Valuable Player.
5. In 1989, the University of Kansas men's basketball team defeated the University of Kentucky 150-95, which is still the highest-scoring game in college basketball history. The game took place in Kansas City and was part of the Kentucky-Illinois-Kansas Shootout.
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