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5 Fun Facts About January 12 In New Mexico History

---Learn Every Day: NM Today In History Facts Texted Each Day - Text: history nm To: 618-270-4005---

1. On January 12, 1598, Spanish conquistador Don Juan de Oñate and his expedition arrived at what is now San Juan Pueblo in northern New Mexico, marking the beginning of Spanish colonization in the region. This event is celebrated annually as the La Fiesta de San Juan.

2. In 1822, New Mexico became a province of Mexico following its independence from Spain. This marked a major shift in the region's political and cultural identity and led to increased autonomy and self-governance among the people of New Mexico.

3. On January 12, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed between the United States and Mexico, officially ending the Mexican-American War and ceding New Mexico and other territories to the US. This would have a profound impact on the history and development of the region, as it marked the beginning of American colonization and the forced displacement and marginalization of many native people.

4. In 1912, New Mexico became the 47th state admitted to the United States. This was significant both for the state itself and for the country as a whole, as it marked the end of a period of expansion and westward expansion and the beginning of a new era of national growth and development.

5. On January 12, 2002, the National Hispanic Cultural Center opened in Albuquerque. This state-of-the-art facility celebrates and promotes the rich contributions of Hispanic culture to New Mexico and the United States, and serves as both a museum and a community center for cultural events and activities.
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