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5 Fun Facts About July 11 In New Mexico History

---Learn Every Day: NM Today In History Facts Texted Each Day - Text: history nm To: 618-270-4005---

1. On July 11, 1898, the groundbreaking for the Santa Fe Indian School took place. The school was established to assimilate Native American children into western culture, but also aimed to preserve their traditional heritage and language.

2. In 1945, the world's first nuclear bomb test, code-named Trinity, was conducted at the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range in south-central New Mexico. The test marked the beginning of the atomic age and played a crucial role in ending World War II.

3. On July 11, 1881, famous outlaw Billy the Kid was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. The notorious criminal had been on the run for over two years and was wanted for numerous crimes, including murder and cattle rustling.

4. The San Juan Pueblo revolt of 1696 began on July 11 of that year. The Pueblo Indians rebelled against the Spanish colonizers and successfully drove them out of the area. This revolt sparked a period known as the Pueblo Revolt, during which many Native American tribes in the region fought against Spanish influence and colonization.

5. On July 11, 1919, artist Georgia O'Keeffe arrived in New Mexico for the first time. The state would become her permanent home and serve as a major inspiration for her work. O'Keeffe is known for capturing the beauty of the state's landscapes and colors in her paintings, which have become iconic pieces of Southwestern art.
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