1. On July 13, 1838, Governor Robert Lucas proclaimed that all Native Americans living in Iowa must move west of the Mississippi River, as part of the Indian Removal Act. This cruel and unjust policy forced thousands of Native Americans to abandon their homes and ancestral lands.
2. In 1919, Iowa became the first state in the country to ban the sale and consumption of alcohol. The prohibition era lasted until 1933, when the 21st Amendment was passed to repeal the ban.
3. On July 13, 1934, notorious bank robber John Dillinger was gunned down by FBI agents outside the Biograph Theater in Chicago. Dillinger and his gang had been responsible for several bank robberies in Iowa, and his death marked the end of the era of public enemies in the Midwest.
4. In 1954, the town of Tama, Iowa experienced the worst tornado in the state's history. The tornado caused extensive damage to the town, including destroying the high school and killing two people.
5. On July 13, 1985, Governor Terry Branstad signed a bill creating the Iowa Lottery. The lottery has since become a major source of revenue for the state, with over $2 billion in sales annually.
- Tags: IA