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5 Fun Facts About July 30 In Missouri History

---Learn Every Day: MO Today In History Facts Texted Each Day - Text: history mo To: 618-270-4005---

1. On July 30, 1803, the Louisiana Purchase was officially transferred to the United States, which included the land that is now Missouri. The purchase doubled the size of the country and opened up new opportunities for expansion in the West.

2. On July 30, 1864, a Confederate guerrilla force attacked the town of Lawrence, Kansas, just over the border from Missouri. The raid resulted in the deaths of around 150 men and boys, making it one of the deadliest attacks of the Civil War.

3. On July 30, 1908, Missouri became the first state to ratify the 17th Amendment, which established the direct election of senators by the people. This constitutional amendment was later ratified by two-thirds of the states and became law in 1913.

4. On July 30, 1945, the USS Indianapolis was torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine, resulting in the deaths of over 800 sailors. Many of the survivors were stranded in shark-infested waters for days before being rescued, including Missouri native Clarence M. Castile.

5. On July 30, 2009, Missouri Senator Kit Bond announced that he would not seek re-election in 2010. Bond had served in the Senate since 1987 and was known for his work on intelligence and foreign policy issues. His retirement led to a contested race to fill his seat in the following year's election.
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