1. On June 14, 1865, the last Confederate general to surrender in the Civil War, Stand Watie, surrendered at Fort Towson in Indian Territory, which would later become part of the state of Oklahoma. Watie, a Cherokee leader, had fought for the Confederacy and was the only Native American to achieve the rank of brigadier general in the Civil War.
2. In 1917, on June 14, Dwight D. Eisenhower graduated from the U.S. Army Infantry and Cavalry School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Eisenhower would go on to become a five-star general and the 34th President of the United States.
3. On June 14, 1934, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, notorious criminals known as Bonnie and Clyde, committed their first murder in Kansas. The couple killed Eugene Moore, a deputy sheriff, in Alma, Kansas, while being pursued by law enforcement.
4. On June 14, 1951, Kansas Senator Frank Carlson became the first member of Congress to broadcast in color on television. The broadcast, which aired on NBC, showed Carlson as he discussed a proposal to establish a national health insurance program.
5. On June 14, 1973, NASA launched the Skylab space station into Earth's orbit. Skylab was the first space station launched by the United States and was designed to allow astronauts to live and conduct scientific research in space. Several Kansas astronauts, including Ron Evans and Joe Engle, would go on to fly missions to Skylab.
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