1. Juneteenth: June 19th is known as Juneteenth, a day commemorating the end of slavery in the United States. On June 19th, 1865, Union soldiers arrived in Galveston, Texas, and announced that all slaves were free. Although slavery had officially ended two years prior with the Emancipation Proclamation, it took time for the news to reach all parts of the country.
2. Iowa City: On June 19th, 1839, Iowa City was designated as the capital of the Iowa Territory. Iowa City served as the capital of the territory until 1846 when it was moved to Des Moines.
3. Birth of Buffalo Bill: William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody was born on February 26, 1846. However, it was on June 19th, 1868, that he was in Council Bluffs, Iowa, en route to his first job as a buffalo hunter for the Kansas Pacific Railroad. Cody went on to become one of the most famous figures of the Old West and founded the show known as Buffalo Bill's Wild West.
4. First Female Attorney: On June 19th, 1869, Arabella Mansfield became the first female attorney in the United States when she was admitted to the Iowa Bar. Mansfield graduated first in her class from the Iowa Wesleyan College's law program and successfully argued that she was entitled to take the bar exam even though she was a woman.
5. First Female Governor: On June 19th, 1985, Terry Branstad, the governor of Iowa at the time, signed a proclamation designating July 7th, 1985, as "Women's Equality Day" in Iowa. In doing so, he recognized the contributions of Iowa's past female leaders, including Cornelia Clarke, who served as Iowa's first female governor for one day on July 4th, 1979. Clarke became governor when Branstad resigned to become the ambassador to China, and Lieutenant Governor Robert D. Ray was out of the state, making her the first female governor in Iowa's history.
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