1. On March 2, 1791, Congress passed the Residence Act, which established that the federal capital of the United States would be located on the Potomac River, between Maryland and Virginia. This led to the creation of the District of Columbia, which became the seat of the federal government.
2. In 1861, on March 2, President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill that allowed the District of Columbia to establish an unpaid board of education, which later led to the creation of public schools in the city.
3. March 2, 1901 is the date when the McMillan Plan was finalized, a comprehensive urban design for the National Mall and surrounding areas in Washington, D.C. The plan proposed the creation of several iconic landmarks in the city, including the Lincoln Memorial and the Tidal Basin.
4. On March 2, 1917, the Jones-Shafroth Act was passed, granting U.S. citizenship to all residents of Puerto Rico. Despite being a territory of the United States, Puerto Ricans did not have citizenship until the passage of this act.
5. In 1962, on March 2, Wilt Chamberlain of the National Basketball Association's Philadelphia Warriors scored an NBA record 100 points in a single game against the New York Knicks, in a game held at the old Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland (which was in the D.C. metropolitan area at the time). This record still stands today as one of the greatest achievements in basketball history.
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