1. On May 17, 1803, the Ohio General Assembly met in Chillicothe to approve the state's first constitution, which established Ohio as the 17th state in the Union.
2. On May 17, 1859, the Cincinnati Red Stockings played their first professional baseball game, defeating the rival Great Westerns team 45-9.
3. On May 17, 1875, the first triple crown winner in horse racing history was crowned at the Belmont Stakes in New York. The horse, Aristides, was bred and trained in Lexington, Ohio, and was owned by a group of Cincinnati businessmen.
4. On May 17, 1954, the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education was decided, overturning the "separate but equal" doctrine and paving the way for school desegregation. The lead plaintiff in the case was from Topeka, Kansas, but the ruling had a significant impact on Ohio, which had its own history of school segregation.
5. On May 17, 1987, basketball legend and Ohio native Kareem Abdul-Jabbar set a new NBA playoff scoring record with 32,311 points, surpassing Wilt Chamberlain's previous record of 31,419. Abdul-Jabbar played for several teams throughout his career, but spent his college years at UCLA, which he led to three national championships.
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