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5 Fun Facts About May 18 In South Carolina History

---Learn Every Day: SC Today In History Facts Texted Each Day - Text: history sc To: 618-270-4005---

1. On May 18, 1896, the Supreme Court of South Carolina ruled in the landmark case of Briggs v. Elliott that the state's school segregation laws were constitutional. This decision ultimately led to the lawsuit that would become Brown v. Board of Education, which declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional.

2. The University of South Carolina was founded on May 18, 1801. Originally named South Carolina College, it was initially established as a private school for men. Today, it is a public research university and the flagship institution of the state's higher education system.

3. On May 18, 1964, the United States Supreme Court handed down its decision in the case of Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States, ruling that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 applied to hotel and motel owners who engaged in racial discrimination. This case was a major victory for the Civil Rights Movement and helped to dismantle segregation in public accommodations.

4. The South Carolina State House was completed on May 18, 1907. The magnificent building, which is currently home to the state legislature, is known for its distinctive copper dome that rises 180 feet above the city of Columbia.

5. On May 18, 1775, Colonel William Moultrie and his troops successfully defended the palmetto-log fort on Sullivan's Island against a British naval attack during the Revolutionary War. This victory prevented the British from gaining control of Charleston Harbor and marked the first significant southern victory of the war. Today, the fort is a national monument and popular tourist attraction.
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