1. In 1866, the famous Wild Bill Hickok fought a gun duel with Dave Tutt in Springfield, Missouri, that became known as the first quick-draw gunfight. Although the event did not take place in Kansas, Hickok spent a significant portion of his life in the state and is remembered as a legendary figure in Kansas history.
2. In 1891, the biologist William Inge was born in Independence, Kansas. Inge graduated from the University of Kansas and went on to become a Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright and screenwriter, known for works such as "Picnic," "Come Back, Little Sheba," and "Splendor in the Grass."
3. In 1910, the aviation pioneer Walter Beech flew his first solo flight in Wichita, Kansas. Beech went on to cofound the Beech Aircraft Corporation, which produced a number of prominent aircraft such as the Beechcraft Bonanza and the T-34 Mentor.
4. In 1932, the Kansas City Massacre took place in which a group of gangsters attempted to free their leader, Frank Nash, from FBI custody as he was being transported from the train station. The resulting gunfight left four law enforcement officers and Nash dead.
5. In 1991, the "Andover tornado" struck the town of Andover, Kansas, as part of a larger tornado outbreak in the central United States. The EF5 tornado caused widespread destruction and claimed 17 lives, while the ensuing recovery and rebuilding effort brought the community together in an inspiring display of resilience.
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