1. First flight in North Carolina: On November 18, 1911, aviators Benjamin D. Foulois and Horace Kearney made the first-ever flight in North Carolina. They flew a Wright Model B biplane from College Park, Maryland, to Fort Sam Houston in Texas, with a stop in Greensboro, North Carolina.
2. First recognized Native American tribe: On November 18, 1885, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was officially recognized by the federal government. This recognition afforded the tribe some protection and resources previously denied to them, and helped to preserve their culture and way of life.
3. Historic shipwreck: On November 18, 1929, the SS City of Everett, a cargo ship carrying a variety of goods, sank off the coast of Cape Hatteras. The wreck has since become a popular site for divers, and is home to a diverse array of marine life.
4. Birthplace of an aviation pioneer: On November 18, 1899, aviator and inventor William J. Powell was born in Blacksburg, South Carolina. Powell went on to become the first African American to earn a pilot's license in the United States, and founded the Bessie Coleman Aero Club to encourage other African Americans to pursue aviation.
5. Major civil rights case: On November 18, 1914, the United States Supreme Court heard arguments in the landmark case of Buchanan v. Warley. The case challenged a Louisville, Kentucky, law mandating racially segregated housing, and the Court ultimately struck down the law as a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. The decision would help to pave the way for future civil rights victories.
- Tags: NC