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5 Fun Facts About October 1 In South Carolina History

---Learn Every Day: SC Today In History Facts Texted Each Day - Text: history sc To: 618-270-4005---

1. The State Capitol Building was destroyed: On October 1, 1865, the State Capitol Building in Columbia was destroyed by fire during the Reconstruction Era following the Civil War. The fire was said to have started accidentally from a discarded cigar or cigarette, and the flames quickly spread to the wooden roof, causing the building to burn down.

2. South Carolina became a state: On October 1, 1791, South Carolina officially became a state, joining the United States of America as the eighth state in the Union. The state was founded in 1663 by King Charles II of England and was one of the original 13 colonies.

3. A famous musician was born: On October 1, 1949, legendary jazz saxophonist and composer George Adams was born in Columbia, South Carolina. Adams was a prominent figure in the jazz scene throughout the 1970s and 1980s, and performed with notable musicians such as Charles Mingus, Gil Evans, and Dizzy Gillespie.

4. A major battle was fought during the Revolution: On October 1, 1780, the Battle of Kings Mountain took place in South Carolina during the American Revolution. The battle was a pivotal victory for the American cause, as the American militia defeated a strong force of British loyalists and turned the tide of the war in the southern colonies.

5. A notable prison was decommissioned: On October 1, 1991, the Alcatraz of the South, otherwise known as the South Carolina State Penitentiary, was decommissioned after 124 years of operation. The prison had gained a reputation as one of the most dangerous and notoriously corrupt prisons in the country during its time in operation. Today, portions of the prison complex are used by the University of South Carolina.
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