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5 Fun Facts About October 12 In Maryland History

---Learn Every Day: MD Today In History Facts Texted Each Day - Text: history md To: 618-270-4005---

1. Birth of Katherine Anne Porter: Katherine Anne Porter, a Pulitzer Prize-winning American author, was born in Indian Creek, Maryland, on October 12, 1890. She is best known for her stories and essays on Southern life and culture.

2. Battle of Cedar Creek: On October 12, 1864, one of the most significant battles of the Civil War occurred in Northern Virginia. Union forces under General Philip Sheridan defeated Confederate forces under General Jubal Early, effectively ending Confederate control of the Shenandoah Valley.

3. First Naval Academy class graduates: On October 12, 1854, the first class of cadets graduated from the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. The school was established in 1845 to train officers for the US Navy.

4. The Great Baltimore Fire: On October 12, 1904, a fire broke out in Baltimore, Maryland, that would become known as the Great Baltimore Fire. The fire destroyed over 1,500 buildings and left over 35,000 residents homeless. The city was rebuilt in the years following the disaster.

5. Maryland becomes a colony: On October 12, 1633, two ships, the Ark and the Dove, arrived in what is now St. Mary's City, Maryland, carrying the first English settlers to the area. The colony was established by the Calvert family, who were granted the land by King Charles I. Maryland would become the second English colony in North America, after Virginia.
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