1. In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Guanahani (San Salvador) in the Bahamas. Although this event did not occur in North Carolina, it is significant to the state's history as Columbus' discovery led to the eventual colonization and exploration of the Americas, including North Carolina.
2. In 1776, the Fourth Provincial Congress of North Carolina met in Hillsborough to adopt the Halifax Resolves. These resolves were a crucial step towards independence from Great Britain, as they called for the creation of a new government and the authorization of North Carolina delegates to vote for independence in the Continental Congress.
3. In 1810, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill opened its doors to students. It was the first public university in the United States and played a pivotal role in shaping the state's educational system.
4. In 1915, the Supreme Court of North Carolina ruled in favor of suffragette Lillian Exum Clement, allowing her to become the first female legislator in the state's history. Clement represented Buncombe County in the North Carolina House of Representatives.
5. In 1996, Hurricane Fran made landfall in North Carolina, causing significant damage and loss of life. The hurricane was one of the costliest in North Carolina history, and its effects were felt throughout the state for years to come.
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