1. In 1637, the Pequot War came to a turning point when the English troops, led by Captain John Mason, attacked the Pequot village in Mystic, Connecticut, killing hundreds of Native Americans.
2. In 1861, the USS Congress, a naval frigate that served in the American Civil War, was sunk by the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia off Newport News, Virginia, resulting in the loss of 121 soldiers.
3. In 1947, Chuck Yeager became the first person to break the sound barrier when he flew the Bell X-1 rocket plane over the California desert, a feat that paved the way for supersonic flight.
4. In 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth, marking the beginning of the Space Age.
5. In 2012, Hurricane Sandy hit the East Coast, causing extensive damage and widespread power outages in Connecticut and other states, resulting in the deaths of 157 people and causing $65 billion in damage.
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