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5 Fun Facts About October 5 In Maryland History

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1. Maryland was officially founded on March 25, 1634. However, October 5 is celebrated as the Maryland Statehood Day in honor of the signing of the Maryland Constitution of 1776. This document was signed on this day in Annapolis by Maryland’s founding fathers, paving the way for Maryland to become the seventh state to join the Union.

2. On October 5, 1864, Maryland-born Union soldier, John Brown Gordon, led a Confederate force to attack Union troops under General Philip Sheridan at the Battle of Cedar Creek near Strasburg, Virginia. Despite initial success, the Confederates were ultimately defeated, leading to a Union victory that helped secure President Abraham Lincoln's reelection.

3. In 1904, on October 5, construction began on the Baltimore & Ohio railroad bridge spanning the Potomac River at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. The bridge was finally completed in 1910 and was the longest steel arch bridge in the world at the time. It still stands today as a testament to the impressive engineering feats of the early 20th century.

4. On October 5, 1957, the first significant attack of the Civil Rights Movement took place in Prince Edward County, Virginia, just across the border from Maryland. The county closed all public schools after the Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education ruling, sparking a protracted battle for integration that lasted over a decade.

5. In 2002, on October 5, the Baltimore Orioles played their final game at Memorial Stadium, which had been their home since 1954. Despite the Orioles' move to a new ballpark, Oriole Park at Camden Yards, Memorial Stadium remains an iconic symbol of Baltimore sports history and was the site of many unforgettable moments in Maryland sports history.
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