Here are five interesting facts about September 19 in Kansas history:
1. On September 19, 1864, the Battle of Centralia took place near the town of Centralia in eastern Kansas. Confederate guerrillas led by William T. Anderson attacked a Union army supply train and massacred around 24 unarmed Union soldiers and civilians. It was one of the bloodiest incidents of the Civil War in Kansas.
2. On September 19, 1908, Fred Harvey opened his first Harvey House restaurant in Topeka, Kansas. The Harvey House chain of restaurants and hotels became famous for its excellent food and hospitality, and it played a significant role in the development of tourism in the Southwest.
3. On September 19, 1927, William Allen White, a prominent newspaper editor and writer from Emporia, Kansas, won the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing. White's editorials, which advocated for progressive reforms and social justice, earned him national recognition and influence.
4. On September 19, 1959, the University of Kansas inaugurated its new football stadium in Lawrence, Kansas, which was named Memorial Stadium in honor of KU students and alumni who died in World War I and II. The stadium has a seating capacity of more than 50,000 and has hosted many memorable games and events over the years.
5. On September 19, 2005, the Kansas State Board of Education adopted new science standards that included the teaching of intelligent design as an alternative explanation to evolution. The decision was controversial and sparked a national debate over the role of religion in science education. In 2007, the standards were revised to exclude intelligent design.
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