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5 Fun Facts About September 19 In New Mexico History

---Learn Every Day: NM Today In History Facts Texted Each Day - Text: history nm To: 618-270-4005---

1. On September 19, 1598, the first Spanish colony was established in New Mexico by Juan de Oñate. This event marked the beginning of Spanish settlement in the area, which would later become a state in the United States in 1912.

2. In 1846, during the Mexican-American War, the Battle of Santa Cruz de la Cañada took place on September 19. Although the battle was a victory for American forces, it resulted in significant casualties.

3. The historic Loretto Chapel in Santa Fe was completed on September 19, 1878. The chapel is famous for its unique spiral staircase, which has no visible means of support and is believed to have been constructed by a mysterious carpenter.

4. The Navajo Nation, one of the largest Native American tribes in the United States, signed the Treaty of 1868 with the US government on September 19. The treaty granted the Navajo people the right to return to their homeland after being forcibly removed by the US military years earlier.

5. On September 19, 1934, the final stretch of Route 66 was paved in New Mexico. The iconic highway, which stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica, became a symbol of the American West and a popular route for cross-country travelers throughout the mid-20th century.
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