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5 Fun Facts About September 2 In Washington History

---Learn Every Day: WA Today In History Facts Texted Each Day - Text: history wa To: 618-270-4005---

1. On September 2, 1792, the United States Post Office was established in Washington, D.C. This new government department was tasked with creating a reliable system for the delivery of mail and packages throughout the country.

2. President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862, but it was not made public until September 2, 1862. This document declared that all slaves held in Confederate states were legally free, though the actual end of slavery would not come until the end of the Civil War.

3. Almost 100 years later, on September 2, 1957, President Dwight Eisenhower issued an order sending federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to protect nine African-American students attempting to integrate Central High School. This event became known as the Little Rock Nine and was a pivotal moment in the Civil Rights Movement.

4. The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History opened to the public on September 2, 1964. This museum is devoted to promoting the understanding of American history and culture and has a collection of over three million artifacts.

5. On September 2, 2012, a 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck near Mineral, Virginia, sending shockwaves throughout the Mid-Atlantic region. In Washington, D.C., the earthquake caused damage to the Washington Monument and National Cathedral, and was felt as far away as Canada. This event was a reminder of the region's potential for seismic activity.
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