1. In 1859, the first Indiana State Fair was held in Terre Haute. The fair was originally intended to showcase agriculture and livestock, and has since become an annual event held in Indianapolis.
2. On August 27, 1886, the famous inventor and entrepreneur Elwood Haynes was born in Portland, Indiana. Haynes is best known for developing the first successful gasoline-powered automobile in 1894, and for co-founding the Haynes-Apperson Automobile Company.
3. The USS Indiana, a battleship built in the early 20th century, was commissioned on August 27, 1942. The ship served in both World War I and World War II, and was decommissioned in 1947.
4. On this day in 2004, the Indiana Fever won their first ever WNBA championship. The Fever defeated the Sacramento Monarchs in game four of the championship series to claim the title.
5. August 27, 2012 marked the 125th anniversary of the birth of Hoagy Carmichael, one of Indiana's most famous musicians. Carmichael, who was born in Bloomington, is known for writing songs such as "Stardust" and "Georgia on My Mind," both of which have become jazz standards.
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